Services API

The service APIs accept data submission for geolocation stumbling as well as reporting a location based on IP addresses, cell, or WiFi networks.

New client developments should use the Region: /v1/country, Geolocate: /v1/geolocate, or Geosubmit Version 2: /v2/geosubmit APIs.

Requesting an API Key

The api key has a set daily usage limit of about 100,000 requests. As we aren’t offering a commercial service, please note that we do not make any guarantees about the accuracy of the results or the availability of the service.

Please make sure that you actually need the raw API access to perform geolocation lookups. If you just need to get location data from your web application, you can directly use the HTML5 API.

To apply for an API key, please fill out this form. When filling out the form, please make sure to describe your use-case and intended use of the service. Our Developer Terms of Service govern the use of MLS API keys.

We’ll try to get back to you within a few days, but depending on vacation times it might take longer.

API Access Keys

Note

Mozilla is currently evaluating its MLS service and terms and is not currently distributing API keys.

You can anonymously submit data to the service without an API key via any of the submission APIs.

You must identify your client to the service using an API key when using one of the Region: /v1/country or Geolocate: /v1/geolocate APIs.

If you want or need to specify an API key, you need to be provide it as a query argument in the request URI in the form:

https://location.services.mozilla.com/<API>?key=<API_KEY>

Each API key can be rate limited per calendar day, but the default is to allow an unlimited number of requests per day.

Errors

Each of the supported APIs can return specific error responses. In addition there are some general error responses.

Invalid API Key

If an API key was required but either no key was provided or the provided key was invalid, the service responds with a keyInvalid message and HTTP 400 error code:

{
    "error": {
        "errors": [{
            "domain": "usageLimits",
            "reason": "keyInvalid",
            "message": "Missing or invalid API key."
        }],
        "code": 400,
        "message": "Invalid API key"
    }
}

API Key Limit

API keys can be rate limited. If the limit for a specific API key is exceeded, the service responds with a dailyLimitExceeded message and a HTTP 403 error code:

{
    "error": {
        "errors": [{
            "domain": "usageLimits",
            "reason": "dailyLimitExceeded",
            "message": "You have exceeded your daily limit."
        }],
        "code": 403,
        "message": "You have exceeded your daily limit."
    }
}

Parse Error

If the client sends a malformed request, typically sending malformed or invalid JSON, the service will respond with a parseError message and a HTTP 400 error code:

{
    "error": {
        "errors": [{
            "domain": "global",
            "reason": "parseError",
            "message": "Parse Error"
        }],
        "code": 400,
        "message": "Parse Error"
    }
}

Service Error

If there is a transient service side problem, the service might respond with HTTP 5xx error codes with unspecified HTTP bodies.

This might happen if part of the service is down or unreachable. If you encounter any 5xx responses, you should retry the request at a later time. As a service side problem is unlikely to be resolved immediately, you should wait a couple of minutes before retrying the request for the first time and a couple of hours later if there’s still a problem.

History

The service launched in 2013, and first offered custom /v1/search/ and /v1/submit/ APIs, used by the MozStumbler app. Later that year the /v1/geolocate API was implemented, to reduce the burden on clients that already used the Google Maps Geolocation API. This was followed by the /v1/geosubmit API, to make contribution more consistant.

In 2014, the /v1/geosubmit and /v1/geolocate API were recommended for client development, and the /v1/submit and /v1/search APIs were marked as deprecated.

In 2015, the /v2/geosubmit API was added, to expand the submitted data fields and accept data from partners. The /v1/country API was also added, to provide region rather than position lookups.

In 2016, a /v1/transfer API was added, for bulk transfers of data from one instance of Ichnaea to another. This was also when work started on the 2.0 implementation of Ichnaea, and MozStumbler switched to /v1/geolocate and /v1/geosubmit.

In 2017, the /v1/transfer API was removed from the 2.0 branch, and Mozilla stopped active development of Ichnaea, leaving 1.5 as the production deployment.

In 2019, Ichnaea development started up again, to prepare the 2.0 codebase for production. The deprecated /v1/search API was removed.